Particle imaging velocimetry is a laser optical measurement technique. This technique is non-intrusive and is used in research and diagnostics for flow turbulence, microfluidics, spray atomization and combustion processes. It measures the entire region within the flow as its velocity is measured simultaneously.
基本的な原理には、流体または気体の流れに続く微視的な粒子の動きの写真記録が含まれます。 次に、画像処理技術を使用して、写真記録から粒子の動き、流速を確認します。 調べている流れの領域内に十分な粒子がある限り、流れの完全な速度場を確認することができます。
This highlights the differences between particle imaging velocimetry and point measurement methods which use probes to measure flow velocity at a single point. The main benefit of this is that it is a quantitative flow field mapping method. A method which offers physical insight into the complete flow behavior. This technique enables both the extraction of measurement data and the visualization of flow structures.
The standard particle image velocimetry set up is made up of 3 main components. A high-speed camera, a high-power multi-pulsed laser, and an optical arrangement to transform laser output light to a light sheet and a synchronizer. This controls the synchronization of the laser and the camera.
Particle image velocimetry is used in aerodynamics and fluid mechanics as an experimental tool. As it offers a near-instantaneous velocity field, it offers the benefits of a flow visualization technique. In addition, it also offers critical quantitative information. When the velocity field has been ascertained, data like vorticity and strain can be easily found along with the turbulence intensity.
In aerodynamics, particle imaging velocimetry is helpful in understanding unsteady flow phenomena. It can be used for measurement of aircraft wake vortices of a lifting wing. In addition, investigation of rotor aerodynamics with noise emission of a range of noise sources and transonic flow over airfoils. This is a growing area of interest as airports reach higher capacities and takeoffs and landings become more frequent. This technique is important to understand the efficiency of airports.
Wake vortex effects have also caused numerous aircraft mishaps, which is why non-intrusive optical flow measurement methods such as particle imaging velocimetry are growing in importance. It also employs in the investigation of liquid flows, which is the vortex-free-surface interaction, thermal convection and Couette flow between concentric spheres.
Many of our Laser Quantum lasers are well-suited for particle imaging velocimetry, contact us today to find out more.